Understanding Different Residential Mortgage Types: A Comprehensive Guide

Author: Jeff Cody | | Categories: Mortgage Pre-Approval , New To Canada Mortgages , Refinance Mortgages

Blog by Jeff Cody

Determining the correct mortgage product for you can be a difficult decision. But don't worry, as a licensed mortgage broker with over 35 years of experience in the financial industry Jeff Cody is here to help you make your choice. A Comprehensive list of the different mortgage types follows.

Fixed-Rate Mortgage

A fixed-rate mortgage is a popular choice among homeowners because it offers stability and predictability in mortgage payments. With a fixed-rate mortgage, the interest rate remains constant throughout the mortgage term of 1 to 10 years, allowing you to budget and plan your finances with ease. Fixed-rate mortgages are ideal for homeowners who want to avoid fluctuations in their monthly payments and prefer a long-term financial plan. Fixed-rate mortgages are mostly closed for the term with 10% to 20% pre-payment privileges. This allows a client to paydown their fixed mortgage faster without penalties and without the rate changing for the term. Also, most fixed-rate mortgages are portable and assumable without penalty if you need to sell your home before the end of the term.

Variable Rate Mortgage

A variable rate mortgage is another type of mortgage that is popular among homeowners. With a variable rate mortgage, the interest rate fluctuates based on the prime rate set by the Bank of Canada. This means that your monthly mortgage payments can increase or decrease over time, depending on the changes in the prime rate. Variable rate mortgages are ideal for homeowners who are comfortable with fluctuations in their mortgage payments and want to take advantage of lower interest rates. Some variable rate products are setup where your mortgage payment doesn't change and instead the amount of interest and principal paid is adjusted based on the variable rate. This can lead to a negative amortization if the variable rate rises enough. Most variable rate mortgages can be converted to a fixed rate during the term at the then current lenders fixed rates. It is important to choose the best variable product that guarantees to be convertible to the lenders best fixed rates, if and when, you choose to convert.

Open Mortgage

An open mortgage is a type of mortgage that allows you to pay off your mortgage, in part or in full, without any prepayment penalties. Open mortgages are ideal for homeowners who have extra cash to put towards their mortgage or anticipate a change in their financial situation in the near future.

Closed Mortgage

A closed mortgage is a type of mortgage that comes with prepayment penalties if you want to pay off your mortgage, in part or in full, before the end of the mortgage term. Closed mortgages typically offer lower interest rates than open mortgages and are ideal for Canadian homeowners who do not anticipate any significant changes in their financial situation in the near future.

Secured Credit Lines

A secured credit line is a useful tool in many situations. It is a collateral mortgage allowing the client to draw down, payback and redraw when required. It is a fully open product with the rate at Prime + a factor. There are also combination products where part  of the collateral mortgage can be a fixed or variable rate and part a credit line. Let Jeff Cody advise the best mortgage solution for you.


You've successfully navigated the diverse landscape of mortgages with me, Jeff Cody. Now, let's turn this knowledge into action. Contact me, and let's craft a personalized mortgage solution that aligns with your unique needs and financial goals.

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